The Russians did not claim winnings in the lottery by almost 3 billion rubles. Such calculations based on their data specially for Izvestia were prepared by the ticket distribution operator Stoloto. We are talking about funds for which the three-year limitation period has not expired. During this time, funds are stored in a special account, and then sent to the budget. People don’t come for a win because they lose tickets, the company explained. But sociologists and psychologists believe that, relying on a big jackpot, the Russians are simply disappointed when the victory is converted into a small monetary equivalent. The lion’s share of unclaimed winnings account for less than 150 rubles.
Do not have a hundred rubles
The Stoloto statistics show that today the amount of unclaimed winnings of the all-Russian state lotteries is 2.8 billion rubles. This is accumulated funds, since the period for converting a ticket into a monetary amount is limited. As the company explained, winnings are considered unclaimed, for which the winner did not apply for six months from the date of the draw. After this period, funds are credited to a special account, where they are stored for another three years. Until this statute of limitations has expired, the winner can still apply for money if he had a good reason (illness, departure, etc.) and can prove it documented.
As told “Izvestia” in “Stoloto”, the largest unclaimed was the gain in the amount of 10 million rubles. The winner never showed up. But the overwhelming majority (91.1%) falls on amounts less than 150 rubles, that is, comparable to the cost of a lottery ticket. The share of winnings up to 999 rubles – 8.7%, for the amount of more than 1 thousand rubles – less than 1%. Many people simply lose paper tickets, explained in Stoloto the reasons why winners do not come for money. However, sociologists and psychologists believe that the matter is different.
According to psychologist Olga Maximova, when citizens buy a lottery ticket, they expect to win to the maximum.
– With the acquisition of this piece of paper, people are already beginning to distribute funds to achieve certain material and not only goals. Therefore, a small gain is perceived as a slap in the face. They are disappointed. And they perceive this small gain as a big loss, ”says the psychologist.
The head of the Center for Social Design, Alexey Firsov, has a similar opinion.
– Why do people even play lotteries? They are driven by faith in miracles. And a small gain is a mockery of a miracle. I could have won a million, but I didn’t guess one figure and you get orders of magnitude less, ”the sociologist emphasized.
In addition, he noted, the symbolic weight of money in each social group is different. Where 100 rubles is a significant amount, any winnings will be treated more carefully.
– Money for the average person is an opportunity to maintain a cyclical lifestyle. If the amount does not affect this image, then what’s the point? And if it does, do I have to risk it in the game? – reflects Alexey Firsov.
Psychologist Olga Maximova also notes that people have different attitudes to money.
– If for residents of some regions 100–150 rubles is a decent amount, then for residents of the capital, for example, residents are less than the cost of a cup of coffee or a two-way trip. I believe that some of the “winners” simply rationally evaluate that they can spend the time spent on getting a win more profitably, ”the psychologist says.
Since 2014, all lotteries in Russia are state-owned, as the organizers are the Ministry of Sports and the Ministry of Finance. If citizens do not apply for winnings six months after the circulation and three years, while the statute of limitations is valid, then unclaimed money is transferred to the budget. Since the “unclaimed fund” is a variable, it is difficult to say how much of the current 2.8 billion rubles will be received by the state treasury. But, for example, in 2018, when the deadlines expired according to one of the first circulations operating according to the new principle, 148.6 million rubles were transferred to the budget, Izvestia was told in Stoloto.